Copyright © 1999. Slavery and the Ratification of the Constitution. All rights reserved.

Selected Bibliography

Aptheker, Herbert, ed. A Documentary History of the Negro People in the United States. New York, 1951.

Bailyn, Bernard. The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution. Cambridge, Mass., 1967.

Bergman, Peter M. and Jean McCarroll, comps. The Negro in the Continental Congress. New York, 1969.

Berlin, Ira, "The Revolution in Black Life," in Alfred F. Young, ed., The American Revolution: Explorations in the History of American Radicalism. DeKalb, Ill., 1976, pp. 349-82.

Berlin, Ira and Ronald Hoffman, eds. Slavery and Freedom in the Age of the American Revolution. Charlottesville, Va., 1981.

Brackett, Jeffery R., "The Status of the Slave, 1775-1789," in John Franklin Jameson, ed., Essays in the Constitutional History of the United States in the Formative Period, 1775-1789. Boston, 1889, pp. 263-311.

Bruns, Roger, ed. Am I Not a Man and a Brother: The Antislavery Crusade of Revolutionary America, 1688-1788. New York, 1977.

Butterfield, L. H., ed. Letters of Benjamin Rush. 2 vols. Princeton, 1951.

Cohen, William, "Thomas Jefferson and the Problem of Slavery," Journal of American History, 56 (1969), 503-26.

Coughtry, Jay. The Notorious Triangle: Rhode Island and the African Slave Trade, 1700-1807. Philadelphia, 1981.

Cushing, John D. "The Cushing Court and the Abolition of Slavery in Massachusetts: More Notes on the 'Quock Walker Case,' " American Journal of Legal History, V (1961), 118-44.

Davis, David Brion. Was Thomas Jefferson an Authentic Enemy of Slavery? Oxford, 1970.

_____. The Problem of Slavery in the Age of Revolution, 1770-1783. Ithaca, N.Y., 1975.

diGiacomantonio, William. " 'For the Gratification of a Volunteering Society': Antislavery and Pressure Group Politics in the First Federal Congress," Journal of the Early Republic, 15 (1995), 169-97.

Donnan, Elizabeth, ed. Documents Illustrative of the History of the Slave Trade to America. 4 vols. Washington, D.C., 1930-35.

______, "The New England Slave Trade After the Revolution," New England Quarterly, 3 (1930), 251-78.

Drake, Thomas E. Quakers and Slavery in America. New Haven, Conn., 1950.

DuBois, W. E. B. The Suppression of the African Slave-Trade to the United States of America, 1638-1870. New York, 1896.

Dumond, Dwight L. Antislavery: The Crusade for Freedom in America. Ann Arbor, Mich., 1961.

Farrand, Max, ed. Records of the Federal Convention of 1787. 4 vols. New Haven, 1937.

Finkelman, Paul, "Slavery and the Constitutional Convention: Making a Covenant with Death," in Richard Beeman, Stephen Botein, and Edward C. Carter II, eds., Beyond Confederation: Origins of the Constitution and American National Identity. Chapel Hill, N.C., 1987, pp. 188-225.

Franklin, John Hope. From Slavery to Freedom. New York, 1947.

Freehling, William W., "The Founding Fathers and Slavery," American Historical Review, 77 (1972), 81-93.

_____, "Conditional Termination in the Early Republic," in Freehling's The Road to Disunion: Secessionists at Bay, 1776-1854. New York, 1990, pp. 121-43.

Frey, Sylvia R. Water from the Rock: Black Resistance in a Revolutionary Age. Princeton, 1991.

Greene, Jack P., " 'Slavery or Independence': Some Reflections on the Relationship among Liberty, Black Bondage, and Equality in Revolutionary South Carolina," South Carolina Historical Magazine, 80 (1979), 193-214.

Greene, John C., "American Debate on the Negro's Place in Nature, 1780-1815," Journal of the History of Ideas, 15 (1954), 384-96.

Griswold, Charles L., Jr., "Rights and Wrongs: Jefferson, Slavery, and Philosophical Quandaries," in Michael J. Lacey and Knud Haakonssen, eds., A Culture of Rights: The Bill of Rights in Philosophy, Politics, and Law, 1791 and 1991. New York, 1991, pp. 144-214.

Hollander, Barnett. Slavery in America: Its Legal History. New York, 1963.

Hunt, Gaillard, "William Thornton and Negro Colonization," American Antiquarian Society Proceedings, new ser., 30 (1920), 32-61.

Jackson, Harvey H., " 'American Slavery, American Freedom' and the Revolution in the Lower South: The Case of Lachlan McIntosh," Southern Studies (1980), 81-93.

Jordan, Winthrop. White Over Black: American Attitudes Toward the Negro, 1550-1812. Chapel Hill, N.C., 1968.

Kaplan, Sidney. The Black Presence in the Era of the American Revolution. Amherst, Mass., 1989.

Kolchin, Peter. American Slavery, 1619-1877. New York, 1993.

Livermore, George. An Historical Research Respecting the Opinions of the Founders of the Republic on Negroes as Slaves, as Citizens, and as Soldiers. 4th ed. Boston, 1863.

Lynd, Staughton. Class Conflict, Slavery, and the United States Constitution: Ten Essays. Indianapolis, Ind., 1967.

McColley, Robert. Slavery and Jeffersonian Virginia. Urbana, Ill., 1964.

MacEacheren, Elaine, "Emancipation of Slavery in Massachusetts: A Reexamination, 1770-1790," Journal of Negro History, 55 (1970), 289-306.

MacLeod, Duncan J. Slavery, Race, and the American Revolution. London, 1974.

McManus, Edgar J. A History of Negro Slavery in New York. Syracuse, 1966.

McMaster, Richard K., "Liberty or Property? The Methodists Petition for Emancipation in Virginia, 1785," Methodist History, 10 (1971), 44-55.

Mathews, Donald G. Slavery and Methodism: A Chapter in American Morality, 1780-1845. Princeton, 1965.

Mellon, Matthew T. Early American Views on Negro Slavery, from the Letters and Papers of the Founders of the Republic. Boston, 1934.

Miller, John C., "Slavery," in Merrill D. Peterson, Thomas Jefferson: A Reference Biography. New York, 1986.

_____. The Wolf by the Ears: Thomas Jefferson and Slavery. Charlottesville, Va., 1991 (originally published in New York, 1977).

Monaghan, Frank, "Anti-Slavery Papers of John Jay," Journal of Negro History, 17 (1932), 481-96.

Morgan, Edmund S. American Slavery, American Freedom. New York, 1975.

_____, "Slavery and Freedom: The American Paradox," Journal of American History, 59 (1972), 5-29.

Mullen, Gerald W. Flight and Rebellion: Slave Resistance in Eighteenth-century Virginia. New York, 1972.

Nash, Gary B. Race and Revolution. Madison, Wis., 1990.

O'Brien, William, "Did the Jennison Case Outlaw Slavery in Massachusetts?" William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd ser., 17 (1960), 219-41.

Ohline, Howard A., "Slavery, Economic, and Congressional Politics, 1790," Journal of Southern History, 46 (1980), 335-60.

Quarles, Benjamin. The Negro in the American Revolution. Chapel Hill, N.C., 1961.

Robinson, Donald L. Slavery in the Structure of American Politics, 1765-1820. New York, 1970.

Ruchames, Louis, comp. Racial Thought in America: A Documentary History. Vol. 1, From the Puritans to Abraham Lincoln. Amherst, Mass., 1969.

Schmidt, Fredrika Teute, and Barbara Ripel Wilhelm, "Early Proslavery Petitions in Virginia," William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd ser., 30 (1973), 133-46.

Soderlund, Jean R. Quakers & Slavery: A Divided Spirit. Princeton, 1985.

Spector, Robert M., "The Quock Walker Cases (1781-1783): Slavery, Its Abolition, and Negro Citizenship in Early Massachusetts," Journal of Negro History, 53 (1968), 12-32.

Tise, Larry. Proslavery: A History of the Defense of Slavery in America, 1701-1840. Athens, Ga., 1988.

White, Shane. Somewhat More Independent: The End of Slavery in New York City, 1770-1810. Athens, Ga., 1991.

Wiecek, William M., "The Statutory Law of Slavery and Race in the Thirteen Mainland Colonies of British America," William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd ser., 34 (1977), 258-80.

_____, "The Witch at the Christening: Slavery and the Constitution's Origins," in Leonard W. Levy and Dennis J. Mahoney, eds., The Framing and Ratification of the Constitution. New York, 1987, pp. 167-84.

Wilson, Douglas L., "Thomas Jefferson and the Character Issue," Atlantic, 270 (Nov. 1992), 57-74.

Wood, Peter H., " 'Liberty is Sweet': African-American Freedom Struggles in the Years before White Independence," in Alfred F. Young, ed., Beyond the American Revolution: Explorations in the History of American Radicalism. DeKalb, Ill., 1993, pp. 149-84.

Zilversmit, Arthur, "Quok Walker, Mumbet, and the Abolition of Slavery in Massachusetts," William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd ser., 25 (1968), 614-24.

______. The First Emancipation: The Abolition of Slavery in the North. Chicago, 1967.


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